Mastering the Language of Crypto Trading: A Complete Glossary for Traders

Crypto Trading Glossary

Welcome to the exciting world of cryptocurrency! If you've ever wondered what all those terms and buzzwords mean, you've come to the right place. In this glossary, we've compiled a list of crypto jargon along with their easy-to-understand definitions. Whether you're a seasoned Trader or just getting started, this guide will help you navigate through the crypto-sphere with confidence. So, buckle up and get ready to explore the fascinating language of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology. Let's dive in!


A unique identifier representing a location on a blockchain where cryptocurrencies can be sent or received.


The distribution of free cryptocurrencies to holders of a particular blockchain or token.


A set of rules or instructions followed by a computer program or cryptographic system.

All-Time High (ATH)

The highest price ever reached by a cryptocurrency or token.


Any cryptocurrency other than Bitcoin.

Angel Investor

An individual who provides financial support to startups or early-stage projects.


The practice of taking advantage of price differences for the same asset on different exchanges or markets.

Ask Price

The price at which sellers are willing to sell a cryptocurrency or token.

Asset Management

The professional management of investments, including cryptocurrencies.


The process of verifying the identity or legitimacy of a user or entity.


The granting of permission or access rights to a user or entity.


The state of being accessible or usable, typically referring to the availability of a blockchain network.


A token standard on the Binance Chain that represents fungible assets.


A token standard on the Binance Smart Chain that represents fungible assets.


A token standard on the Binance Smart Chain that represents non-fungible assets.


A standard or reference point used for comparison or evaluation.

Bearer Asset

An asset or security that is owned by the bearer and does not require ownership registration.

Bearer Bond

A bond or debt security that is owned by the bearer and does not require ownership registration.

Bearer Instrument

A financial instrument that is owned by the bearer and does not require ownership registration.

Bear Market

A market condition characterized by declining prices and a pessimistic sentiment.

Beacon Chain

The foundational component of the Ethereum 2.0 upgrade, responsible for consensus and coordination among validators.

Bear Market

A market condition characterized by declining prices and a pessimistic sentiment.

Bid-Ask Spread

The difference between the highest price a buyer is willing to pay (bid) and the lowest price a seller is willing to accept (ask).

Bid Price

The price at which buyers are willing to purchase a cryptocurrency or token.


The first and largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, introduced by Satoshi Nakamoto.

Bitcoin Core

The original implementation of the Bitcoin client software.

Bitcoin Dominance

The percentage of total cryptocurrency market capitalization accounted for by Bitcoin.

Bitcoin Pizza

The famous transaction where Laszlo Hanyecz bought two pizzas with 10,000 Bitcoins.

Block Reward

The cryptocurrency reward given to miners for successfully mining a new block on the blockchain.

Block Size

The maximum size of a block in a blockchain, determining the number of transactions it can include.

Block Time

The average time it takes to mine a new block on a blockchain.


A distributed ledger technology that records transactions across multiple computers or nodes.


A rapid increase in price following a decline, often considered a temporary recovery.

Bull Market

A market condition characterized by rising prices and a positive sentiment.


A charting technique used to visualize price movements of an asset over a specific time period.


A market situation where investors give up hope and sell their holdings at any price.

Candidate Block

A proposed block that miners attempt to add to the blockchain by solving a cryptographic puzzle.


A system or organization that is controlled by a single entity or central authority.

Circulating Supply

The total number of coins or tokens available and circulating in the market.


A general term used to describe a cryptocurrency.


An asset that is used as security to secure a loan or financial instrument.

Consumer Price Index (CPI)

A measure of the average price change over time for a basket of consumer goods and services.

Counterparty Risk

The risk that the other party in a transaction may default on their obligations.


A piece of data that provides evidence of the authenticity or authority of an entity.


The practice of secure communication in the presence of third parties or adversaries.

Custodial Wallet

A type of cryptocurrency wallet where a third-party holds the user's private keys.

DAO (Decentralized Autonomous Organization)

An organization that operates based on smart contracts and automated decision-making.


A computer program that runs as a background process, typically used to support network services or applications.

Dead Cat Bounce

A temporary recovery in price after a significant decline, often followed by further declines.

Decentralized Application (DApp)

An application that runs on a decentralized network or blockchain.

Decentralized Autonomous Cooperative (DAC)

An organization that operates based on decentralized decision-making and cooperation.

Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO)

An organization that operates based on smart contracts and automated decision-making.

Decentralized Exchange (DEX)

A cryptocurrency exchange that operates on a decentralized network or blockchain.

Decentralized Finance (DeFi)

An ecosystem of financial applications and services built on decentralized networks or blockchains.

Decentralized Indexes

Indexes or baskets of cryptocurrencies that are automatically managed and rebalanced by smart contracts.


The process of converting encrypted data back into its original, readable form.

Deep Web

The part of the internet that is not indexed by search engines and requires special tools to access.


The removal of a cryptocurrency from a trading platform or exchange.


The desire or willingness of individuals or entities to purchase a product or asset.

Diamond Hands

A term used to describe investors who hold onto their investments during market downturns.


A parameter used in proof-of-work blockchains that determines the complexity of mining a new block.

Difficulty Bomb

A feature in some blockchains that increases the difficulty of mining over time, often leading to a change in the blockchain's consensus algorithm.

Digital Asset

Any type of asset that exists in digital or electronic form, including cryptocurrencies.

Digital Identity

A unique digital representation of an individual or entity used for identification purposes.

Digital Signature

A cryptographic technique that verifies the authenticity and integrity of digital messages or documents.


The strategy of spreading investments across different assets or markets to reduce risk.


A payment made to shareholders based on a company's profits or earnings.

Dividend Yield

The ratio of a company's annual dividend payment to its stock price.

Divisible Asset

An asset or token that can be divided into smaller units with fractional ownership.

Divisible Token

A token or cryptocurrency that can be divided into smaller units with fractional ownership.

DLT (Distributed Ledger Technology)

A broad term for technologies that use distributed or decentralized ledgers to record and validate transactions.

Double Spending

The act of using the same amount of cryptocurrency or token in multiple transactions.

Do Your Own Research (DYOR)

A phrase emphasizing the importance of conducting independent research before making investment decisions.

Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH)

A theory suggesting that financial markets are efficient and all relevant information is reflected in asset prices.


A decentralized blockchain platform that supports smart contracts and DApps.


A technical standard used for creating and implementing smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain.


A technical standard used for creating non-fungible tokens (NFTs) on the Ethereum blockchain.


A platform or marketplace where users can buy and sell cryptocurrencies or tokens.

Falling Knife

A term used to describe a rapidly declining asset or market that may not have reached its bottom.

Fan Tokens

Digital tokens that represent ownership or access rights to specific sports teams or events.

Fear, Uncertainty, and Doubt (FUD)

A term used to describe negative or misleading information that can create fear and uncertainty in the market.

Fear Of Missing Out (FOMO)

The feeling of anxiety or regret that one may miss out on an opportunity or investment.


The state of being irreversible or permanently settled, often used in the context of blockchain transactions.

Financial Instruments

Tradable assets or contracts representing a financial value, such as stocks, bonds, or derivatives.

Fiscal Policy

Government policies related to taxation, spending, and borrowing that influence the economy.


The hypothetical event where the market capitalization of one cryptocurrency surpasses another.


The hypothetical event where the market capitalization of one cryptocurrency surpasses another in terms of price per unit.

Forex (FX)

The global decentralized market for trading foreign currencies.

Formal Verification

A method of verifying the correctness of software or smart contracts using mathematical proofs.


A term used to describe a person who exhibits extreme enthusiasm or obsession for a particular cryptocurrency or token.

Full Node

A computer or device on a blockchain network that maintains a complete copy of the blockchain's transaction history.

Fundamental Analysis (FA)

A method of evaluating investments by analyzing intrinsic value and economic factors.

Futures Contract

A financial contract obligating the buyer to purchase or sell an asset at a predetermined price and future date.


A unit of measurement for the computational effort required to process transactions or execute smart contracts on a blockchain.

Gas Limit

The maximum amount of computational work or operations allowed for a transaction or smart contract execution.

Golden Cross

A bullish technical analysis pattern where a shorter-term moving average crosses above a longer-term moving average.

Governance Token

A token that grants holders the right to participate in the decision-making and governance of a blockchain network or platform.

Genesis Block

The first block in a blockchain, often hardcoded or created with special significance.


A programmed event in some cryptocurrencies where the block reward given to miners is reduced by half.


An individual who uses technical skills and knowledge to gain unauthorized access to computer systems or networks.

Hard Cap

The maximum limit or cap on the total supply of a cryptocurrency or token.


A unique string of characters generated by a cryptographic algorithm from input data.

Hash Rate

The speed at which a mining machine or network can perform cryptographic calculations.

Hashed TimeLock Contract (HTLC)

A smart contract that enables the conditional transfer of cryptocurrencies between parties.


A misspelling of "hold" often used in the cryptocurrency community to indicate holding onto investments for the long term.


A trap or deceptive investment scheme designed to lure and catch potential scammers or hackers.

ICO (Initial Coin Offering)

A fundraising method in which a new cryptocurrency or token is sold to investors before its official launch.

Initial Exchange Offering (IEO)

A fundraising method where tokens or cryptocurrencies are sold directly on an exchange platform.

Initial Public Offering (IPO)

The first sale of company shares to the public, often through a stock exchange.

Integrated Circuit (IC)

A small electronic device made of semiconductor material used in many electronic applications, including cryptocurrency mining.


The ability of different systems or blockchains to work together and share information or assets.

InterPlanetary File System (IPFS)

A decentralized file storage and retrieval system that uses a distributed network of computers.


An acronym for "I owe you," representing a debt or acknowledgment of a financial obligation.


The creation or distribution of new coins, tokens, or financial instruments.

Isolated Margin

A trading account that allows users to trade with leverage using only the funds in that specific account.

Know Your Customer (KYC)

The process of verifying the identity and background of customers to prevent fraud or illegal activities.

Leveraged Tokens

Tokens that provide leveraged exposure to the price movements of an underlying asset.


A record of financial transactions or ownership maintained in a decentralized or distributed manner.

Layer 2

A secondary layer or protocol built on top of an existing blockchain to improve scalability or provide additional functionalities.


The time delay between the initiation and completion of a process or transaction.

Law of Demand

An economic principle stating that as the price of a product or asset increases, the quantity demanded decreases, and vice versa.


A collection of code or programming functions that can be reused or shared by multiple software applications.

Lightning Network

A layer 2 scaling solution for Bitcoin that enables faster and cheaper transactions by creating off-chain payment channels.


The process of adding a cryptocurrency or token to a trading platform or exchange.


The ease with which an asset or security can be bought or sold without causing significant price changes.

Liquidity Crisis

A situation where there is a severe shortage of liquidity in the market, causing disruption and financial instability.

Liquidity Provider

An individual or entity that provides liquidity to the market by offering to buy or sell assets at specific prices.


The main blockchain network of a cryptocurrency or blockchain project.

Mainnet Swap

The process of migrating a cryptocurrency or token from a test network or another blockchain to the mainnet.


A full node in a blockchain network that fulfills additional roles or functions, often requiring a certain amount of cryptocurrency as collateral.

Market Capitalization

The total value of all coins or tokens in circulation, calculated by multiplying the current price by the circulating supply.

Market Momentum

The rate at which the price of an asset or market is changing, often used to gauge the strength of a trend.

Market Order

A type of order to buy or sell a cryptocurrency or token at the best available price in the market.

Margin Trading

The practice of borrowing funds to trade larger positions than the capital available in a trading account.

Maximum Supply

The maximum number of coins or tokens that will ever be created for a particular cryptocurrency or token.


A storage area in a blockchain where pending transactions are held before being included in a block.


Data that provides information about other data, often used to describe or classify digital assets or transactions.


A virtual reality space or collective virtual shared space where users can interact with a computer-generated environment and other users.


The process of validating and adding new transactions to a blockchain by solving complex cryptographic puzzles.


The act of extracting valuable minerals or resources from the earth through a process of excavation or extraction.

Monetary Policy

The actions and decisions taken by a central bank or monetary authority to control the money supply, interest rates, and economic stability.


A situation where a single entity or group has exclusive control over the supply or market of a particular product or service.


A security feature that requires multiple authorized signatures to approve a transaction or access funds.


A device or computer participating in a blockchain network, responsible for maintaining and verifying the blockchain's data.

Non-fungible Token (NFT)

A type of digital asset that represents ownership or proof of authenticity of a unique item or piece of content.

NFT Floor Prices

The minimum price at which an NFT can be purchased or traded on a marketplace.

NFT Mystery Boxes

Virtual containers or packages that contain randomized NFTs, often sold as a form of collectible or game mechanic.


Activities or transactions that occur outside the blockchain or are not recorded on the blockchain.

Offshore Account

A financial account held in a jurisdiction outside one's home country, often for privacy or tax advantages.


Activities or transactions that occur directly on the blockchain and are recorded in its public ledger.


A trusted external data source or service that provides information to a blockchain or smart contract.


A numerical representation indicating the order or position of an item in a sequence or ranking.

ORC-20 Tokens

A token standard on the Orchid Network that represents fungible assets.

Order Book

A list of buy and sell orders for a particular cryptocurrency or token, organized by price and quantity.

P2P (Peer-to-Peer)

A decentralized network or system where participants interact directly with each other without intermediaries.

Paper Wallet

A physical or printed copy of a cryptocurrency's public and private keys for offline storage.

Passive Management

An investment strategy that aims to replicate the performance of a specific market index or asset class rather than actively selecting investments.

Pegged Currency

A cryptocurrency or token whose value is directly linked to the value of a specific traditional fiat currency or asset.

Permissionless Blockchain

A blockchain network that allows anyone to participate and verify transactions without requiring permission.


A collection of investments or assets held by an individual or organization.

Private Key

A secret cryptographic key used to access and control the ownership of a cryptocurrency or token.

Private Sale

The sale of a cryptocurrency or token to a limited number of investors or a specific group before a public sale or listing.

Proof of Attendance Protocol (POAP)

A protocol that uses blockchain technology to verify and record the attendance or participation in events or activities.

Proof of Reserves (PoR)

A method of verifying that a custodian or exchange holds the required amount of assets to cover customer balances.

Proof of Stake (PoS)

A consensus algorithm where participants can validate or create blocks based on the number of coins or tokens they hold and are willing to "stake" or lock up.

Proof of Work (PoW)

A consensus algorithm where participants solve complex mathematical puzzles to validate or create new blocks on the blockchain.


The process of spreading or disseminating data or transactions across a network of nodes.


A set of rules or standards that govern the behavior and communication between participants in a network or system.

Relative Strength Index (RSI)

A technical indicator used to measure the speed and change of price movements in an asset, indicating overbought or oversold conditions.


A price level or zone on a chart where an asset's price has historically had difficulty surpassing.

Return on Investment (ROI)

A measure of the profitability of an investment, expressed as a percentage of the initial investment.


A plan or timeline outlining the goals, milestones, and development stages of a project or company.

SAFU (Secure Asset Fund for Users)

A fund established by a cryptocurrency exchange to compensate users in the event of a security breach or hack.


The smallest unit of Bitcoin, named after the pseudonymous creator of Bitcoin, Satoshi Nakamoto.

Satoshi Nakamoto

The pseudonymous creator(s) of Bitcoin, credited with authoring the Bitcoin whitepaper and launching the cryptocurrency.


The ability of a blockchain network or system to handle increased transaction volume or user growth without sacrificing performance.

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

A regulatory agency responsible for overseeing and enforcing securities laws in the United States.


A randomly generated set of words or characters used to generate a cryptocurrency wallet's private keys.

Segregated Witness (SegWit)

A Bitcoin protocol upgrade that separates transaction data from witness data, improving transaction capacity and security.


The overall attitude or emotional tone of participants in the market or community towards a particular cryptocurrency or token.

Sharpe Ratio

A measure of risk-adjusted returns, indicating the excess return earned per unit of risk taken.


A scaling technique that divides a blockchain network into smaller partitions or shards to increase transaction throughput.


A digital signature that authenticates the integrity and origin of a message or document.

Smart Contract

Self-executing contracts with the terms and conditions directly written into code on a blockchain.


A point-in-time record or image of a blockchain's state, often taken for the purpose of distributing new tokens or rewards.

Source Code

The human-readable code written by developers that defines the behavior and functionality of a software application or smart contract.


A type of cryptocurrency designed to maintain a stable value by pegging its price to a reserve of assets or fiat currencies.

Staking Pool

A collective group or service where users combine their cryptocurrency holdings to increase the chances of earning staking rewards.

Standard Deviation

A statistical measure of the dispersion or variability of a set of data values around the mean or average.

Store of Value

An asset or form of currency that maintains its purchasing power over time and can be saved or stored for future use.

Supply Chain

The sequence of processes involved in the production, distribution, and delivery of goods from suppliers to consumers.


A market participant who places an order that is immediately matched with an existing order on the order book.


A unique symbol or abbreviation used to identify a particular cryptocurrency or token in trading or financial markets.


A unit of value or representation of ownership in a blockchain network or ecosystem.

Token Lockup

The practice of temporarily restricting the transfer or sale of tokens, often used for incentivizing long-term holding or team vesting.

Token Sale

The process of offering and selling tokens to the public or investors, typically through an initial coin offering (ICO) or token sale event.

Total Supply

The maximum number of coins or tokens that will ever exist for a particular cryptocurrency or token.

Total Value Locked (TVL)

The total value of assets or capital locked in decentralized finance (DeFi) protocols or smart contracts.


A term used to refer to traditional or mainstream financial systems, institutions, or products.

Trading Pair

Two different cryptocurrencies or tokens that can be exchanged or traded against each other in a market.


The transfer of value or information from one address to another on a blockchain network.

Transaction ID (TXID)

A unique identifier or hash that represents a specific transaction on a blockchain.

Transactions Per Second (TPS)

The number of transactions processed by a blockchain network or platform within a one-second timeframe.


A characteristic of blockchain systems where users can transact and interact without having to trust a central authority or intermediary.


A stablecoin pegged to the value of the U.S. dollar, designed to provide stability and transparency.

Unspent Transaction Output (UTXO)

A specific output or portion of a cryptocurrency transaction that has not been used as an input in a subsequent transaction.

User Interface (UI)

The visual or graphical interface that allows users to interact with a software application or system.

Verification Code

A code or process used to confirm the authenticity or integrity of data or user identity.

Virtual Machine

A software emulation of a computer system that enables the execution of smart contracts or decentralized applications (DApps).


The total number of shares, contracts, or units of a cryptocurrency traded within a specified period.


A digital or physical device used to store, manage, and secure cryptocurrencies or private keys.

Weak Hands

A term used to describe investors or traders who are easily influenced by short-term market fluctuations and tend to sell their holdings prematurely.

Web 1.0

The first generation of the World Wide Web, characterized by static web pages and limited interactivity.

Web 2.0

The second generation of the World Wide Web, characterized by dynamic web content, user-generated content, and social media.

Web 3.0

The vision for the future of the World Wide Web, characterized by decentralized networks, blockchain technology, and enhanced privacy and security.


A term used to describe an individual or entity with a large amount of cryptocurrency or token holdings, capable of significantly impacting the market.


In candlestick charting, the lines extending from the top and bottom of a candlestick body, representing the range of price movements during a specific period.


A document or report that outlines the technology, purpose, and implementation details of a cryptocurrency or blockchain project.


A list of approved individuals or entities granted special privileges or access to participate in a specific event, sale, or platform.

Win Rate

The percentage of successful or winning trades or investments compared to the total number of trades or investments made.

Wrapped Ether (WETH)

An ERC-20 token that represents Ether (ETH) on the Ethereum blockchain, enabling its use in decentralized applications (DApps).

XRP Ledger

A decentralized blockchain platform developed by Ripple Labs for fast and low-cost transactions, primarily associated with the XRP cryptocurrency.


A cryptographic proof construction that enables private and efficient verification of data integrity without revealing the underlying data.


A cryptographic proof construction that enables private and efficient verification of data integrity while maintaining transparency.